Born in Butiama, Tanganyika.
First Tanganyikan accepted to study at a British University (Edinburgh).
Graduated from Edinburgh University.
Elected president of Tanganyika African Association (TAA).
Helped transform the TAA to a new political party, Tanganyika African National Union (TANU).
Travels as a TANU representative to the United Nations trusteeship council in New York City to petition a target date for the independence of Tanganyika.
Together with TANU, won a large number of seats on the Tanganyikan Legislative Council.
Calls for the formation of an East African Federation at conference in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Elected first Prime Minister upon Tanganyika's independence. Resigns a month later to devote time to writing and synthesizing his views of government and African unity.
Elected President to new Tanganyikan Republic. Published, "Ujamaa—The Basis for African Socialism".
Became President of United Republic of Tanzania (a union between Tanganyika and Zanzibar).
Presented the Arusha Declaration at TANU National Executive meeting. The declaration affirmed the government's commitment to building a democratic socialist state and stressed the development of an ethos of self-reliance.
Reelected as President of Tanzania.
Sent Tanzanian army to assist in the overthrowing of Idi Amin in Uganda.
Resigns as President of Tanzania.
Resigns as Chairman of CCM.
Remained politically active on international affairs.
Died at age 77.
Learn more about J.K. Nyerere on Wikipedia.